Skincare consists of three basic processes: cleansing, moisturizing, and protecting.
Cleansing and washing the face with cleanser.
Moisturizing care with toner or emulsion.
Protecting the skin with moisturizer or cream
These three are the basics, but everyone has different skin types which means methods and necessary ingredients differ.
Why is skincare necessary?
Skincare is performed to protect the skin from UV rays, dryness, and friction.
It also prevents skin problems such as blackheads, sagging pores, and acne.
Basic Skincare Flow
The following is a basic skincare flow. If you are new to skincare or don't know what to do, check out the roles of each process.
It is very important to wash and clean your face. First, if you are applying makeup, remove it by cleansing.
After washing and cleaning your face, use a facial cleanser such as cleansing foam or soap to cleanse the skin of dead skin cells.
Friction can irritate the skin, so be sure to lather well before washing the face to avoid directly rubbing the skin with your hands.
Toner and Serum
After cleansing your skin, moisturize the skin with toner or serum. The key is to take care of the skin immediately after washing the face, as the skin is more prone to dryness.
Toner is made of 70-80% water (purified water), 10-15% moisturizing ingredients, and other ingredients that maintain the function and stability of the toner. Most toners are used primarily for moisturizing purposes.
Some toners can be expected to have effects other than moisturizing, such as anti-aging or containing anti-oxidant ingredients. There are also wiping lotions used to wipe away dirt and sebum that cannot be removed by cleansing or washing the face, and astringent toner that tightens pores by removing excess sebum.
The ingredients and purpose of use vary depending on the type of toner, Basically, toner is often selected based on skin type.
Serum contains highly concentrated beauty ingredients such as collagen, hyaluronic acid, and placenta extract, and is expected to provide the skin glowing, moisturizing, and anti-aging care effects.
Differences between toner, emulsion, and cream, serums provide specialized care and intensive care for specific skin problems such as wrinkles and blemishes and can be supplemented with beauty ingredients.
Emulsion and cream
Emulsion contains a good balance of moisture, oil, and emollients. Emollients are ingredients that soften the skin while preventing moisture from evaporating and keeping it moist. This function makes the skin soft and moisturized at the same time. Emulsion is less sticky than cream and is more easily absorbed into the skin. it is ideal for moisturizing care for oily skin.
Cream has more oily ingredients than emulsion, They keep moisture in for a long time. If your skin tends to be oily, cream may not be suitable for your skin but if your skin is dry, it's good to use cream to keep moisturizing the skin.